Dina Esfandiary is a Centre for Science and Security Studies (CSSS) fellow in the War Studies Department at King’s College London. Prior to this, she was a research associate in the Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Programme of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in London. Before joining IISS, she worked at a nongovernmental disarmament organization in Geneva, Switzerland. Her research focuses on Persian Gulf security, relations between states, and nonproliferation in the Middle East, including Iran and Syria’s weapons of mass destruction programs. Ms. Esfandiary has published widely, including in the Atlantic, Telegraph, Washington Post, National Interest, Arms Control Today, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, International Affairs, and Survival (the IISS journal). She is completing her Ph.D. in the War Studies Department at King’s College London and she holds master’s degrees from Kings College London and the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva.