Christopher Sands is senior research professor and director of the Center for Canadian Studies at the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) at Johns Hopkins University. He was a student at SAIS when he started working at CSIS in 1993. He was named a fellow and director of the CSIS Canada Project in 1995, and he directed research into the implications of the 1995 Quebec referendum on the United States, NAFTA implementation on the automotive industry, and the impact of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States on the U.S.-Canadian border and bilateral trade. In 2002, he was appointed a senior associate of the CSIS Americas Program and continued to direct Canada-related research until 2012. From 2005 until 2012, Dr. Sands was an adjunct professor at American University, with appointments in both the School of Public Affairs and the School of International Service. He joined the faculty of Johns Hopkins University as an adjunct professor in 2009 and as senior research professor in 2014. In 2012, Dr. Sands was named the fifth G. Robert Ross Distinguished Visiting Professor in the College of Business and Economics at Western Washington University in Bellingham, Washington, a position he continues to hold. Dr. Sands is a member of the advisory boards of the Macdonald-Laurier Institute in Ottawa and of the Canada–United States Law Institute, a joint institute of the law schools of Case Western Reserve University and the University of Western Ontario.