Africa Notes: South Africa's New Defense Force: Progress and Prospects - March 1995
March 1, 1995
The overall transition in South Africa has confounded skeptics and surprised many Africa-watchers. And in the military area, despite some serious teething problems, a consensus has emerged that quite a few pundits would have regarded as impossible two years ago.
The long-term success of the defense transition will depend on four critical factors: (1) the extent to which the integration process can be managed without "fear or favor" to any of the new military's formerly embattled components; (2) the extent to which stable and robust civil-military relations can be established in the emerging South African democracy; (3) the role that the integrated defense force will play in relation to the overall transition in South Africa; and (4) whether the revamped military will dominate the southern African region or instead contribute to regional stability through a range of collaborative ventures.