Africa Notes: Can Ghana's Economic Reform Survive the 1996 Elections? - August 1995
August 1, 1995
Ghana (comprising Britain's Gold Coast colony and the UN Trust Territory of [British] Togoland) became an independent state in 1957 under elected Prime Minister (later President) Kwame Nkrumah, who was ousted in 1966 in the first of a series of alternating military coups and short-lived civilian governments. (See "The Governments of Ghana, 1957-1985" by J. Coleman Kitchen, CSIS Africa Notes no. 42, May 1985.) The last of these coups occurred on December 31, 1981 under the leadership of Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings, who subsequently won a 1992 multiparty presidential election as part of the process that ushered in the civilian-ruled Fourth Republic. Under the terms of the new constitution, Rawlings is permitted to run for one more four-year term in the next (1996) presidential election.